Cleaning and Sanitizing Utensils and Equipment
A Food Center Resource Page
After dishware, glasses, flatware, pots, pans, utensils, cutting boards, prep tables, and other equipment have been soiled from food storage, preparation, cooking and /or service, they must be cleaned and sanitized before re-use to avoid microbial contamination. Failure to adequately clean and sanitize any food contact surfaces can lead to food-borne illnesses.
"Cleaning" is the physical removal of soil and food matter from a surface. "Sanitizing" is the reduction of the number of contaminating microorganisms, such as bacteria and viruses, on tableware, flatware, equipment, and any food-contact surface. These two actions are not the same.
Dishwashing machines, when properly operated and maintained, can be reliable in removing soil and microorganisms. There are two types of dishwashing machines, and they differ in their sanitizing cycle:
Cloths used to wipe service counters, scales, and other surfaces that may directly or indirectly contact food shall be:
Wiping cloths used to wipe customer tables and seats shall not be used to wipe any other surfaces.
* 100ppm chlorine solution = approximately ½ fluid oz of bleach per 1 gallon of water.
Washing, rinsing, and sanitizing of equipment, utensils, and food-contact surfaces can also be done manually.
Sanitizing of Contact Surfaces
All utensils should be cleaned and sanitized as circumstances require. See cross-contamination fact sheet.
If equipment food-contact surfaces and utensils are used with potentially hazardous foods, they should be cleaned throughout the day at least every four hours.